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Eared Quetzal Euptilotis neoxenus

  • Order: Trogoniformes
  • Family: Trogonidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Eric R. Gulson


Geographic Variation

Eared Quetzal is monotypic.

Related Species

Described as Trogon neoxenus (Gould 1838), with a type locality of México. The genus Euptilotis was proposed by Gould (1858), with type species Trogon neoxenus.

Phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequence data, from mitochondrial and nuclear genes, consistently position the monotypic genus Euptilotis as sister to the "true" queztals, Pharomachrus (Espinosa de los Monteros 1998, Moyle 2005, Quintero and Espinosa de los Monteros 2011). The relationships of quetzals (Euptilotis + Pharomachrus) within Trogoniformes is unresolved. Espinosa de los Monteros (1998) and Quintero and Espinosa de los Monteros (2011) suggested that African Trogons (Apaloderma) were basal within Trogoniformes, and that quetzals were sister to the New World genera Priotelus and Trogon. In contrast Moyle (2005) found that quetzals were basal within Trogoniformes.

The English name of Euptilotis neoxenus recently has been changed from Eared Trogon to Eared Quetzal, to better reflect its phylogenetic relationships (Howell and Webb 1995, Banks et al. 2002).

Recommended Citation

Gulson, E. R. (2013). Eared Quetzal (Euptilotis neoxenus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.