Dotted Tanager Ixothraupis varia



Geographic Variation

Monotypic (Clements et al. 2013)

Related Species

The Dotted Tanager is a member of the speciose genus Tangara. This genus includes 49 species, more species than any other genus of exclusively neotropical birds (Isler and Isler 1987). Isler and Isler (1987) subdivided Tangara into 13 species groupings based on geographic range, appearance, behaviors (with an emphasis on foraging behaviors), vocalizations, and nest sites. The Dotted Tanager belongs in species group 6, which also includes the Speckled Tanager (Tangara guttata), Yellow-bellied Tanager (Tangara xanthogastra), Rufous-throated Tanager (Tangara rufigula), and the Spotted Tanager (Tangara punctata). Phylogenetic analyses using DNA sequences confirms that species within group 6 form a monophyletic group (Burns and Naoki 2004, Sedano and Burns 2010, Burns et al. 2014). However, within this group, there is not strong support for a relationship between T. varia and any other particular species. Thus, more research is needed to clarify the closest living relative to T. varia.

Recommended Citation

Dotted Tanager (Ixothraupis varia), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: