Male and female Dot-fronted Woodpeckers both have white spotting on the forehead. Very little ecological information is known about these birds. They live on Andean slopes in dry woodlands, transitional forests, and humid forests. During the non-breeding season, some individuals move to lower elevations. Dot-fronted Woodpeckers forage close to the ground on trunks and small branches, but their diet has not yet been determined.