Cuban Green Woodpecker is a medium sized woodpecker. Despite the name, only the upperparts are green. It also has a black crown and throat; the sides of the head are white, crossed by a black stripe behind the eye; the nape and the upper breast are red; and the underparts are yellow, streaked with black. There is a short crest on the rear crown.
None. No other species of woodpecker that occurs on Cuba has unmarked green upperparts. Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius) has a facial pattern that is vaguely similar to that of Cuban Green Woodpecker, but the sapsucker has black and white upperparts (including a broad white stripe along the closed wing), and has a broad black breast band.
A distinctive, relatively small woodpecker of the general size and shape of a sapsucker, occasionally appearing crested, with bright olive-green upperparts and yellow underparts (ML 39307). Nape and upper breast are bright red with some black bases to feathers usually visible, with black chin and throat; red crown in males, black crown striped white in females. White face and supercilium, punctuated by black border to cheek. Yellow breast is streaked with black or greenish-black, yellow on flanks barred with black. Crissum is yellow with black barring. Females is significantly smaller than the male, generally shorter-billed. Juveniles are generally duller in plumage, showing more barring and streaking below.
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Bill: bluish black
Tarsi and toes: greenish to grayish olive
Bare parts color data from Winkler et al. (1995)
Total length: 21-25 cm (Winkler et al. 1995, Raffaele et al. 1998)
Mass: 48-97 g. Males heavier than females. (Winkler et al. 1995)