Croaking Ground-Dove is widespread and common throughout its range in western Ecuador, western Peru, Ecuador, and northern Chile. They occur in open arid habitat, including agricultural and urban areas. Although primarily found on the lower Andean slopes, they also enter intermontane valleys and occur up to 2800 meters. They are often in groups, in which they forage for seeds on the ground. Visually, they can be separated from other ground-doves by the black primaries, distinctive chestnut scapular bar, and orange-yellow color on the bill’s base. Furthermore, their call is distinctive and very undovelike: a harsh, creaking, "po-WEE-at".