Crested Duck Lophonetta specularioides

  • Order: Anseriformes
  • Family: Anatidae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors: Mariana Bulgarella


BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Lophonetta specularioides. Downloaded from on 30/04/2014.

Buitron, D., and G.L. Nuechterlein. 1989. Male parental care of Patagonian Crested Ducks Anas (Lophonetta) specularioides. Wildfowl 40: 14–21.

Bulgarella, M., R.E. Wilson, C. Kopuchian, T.H. Valqui, and K.G. McCracken. 2007. Elevational variation in body size of Crested Ducks (Lophonetta specularioides) from the central high Andes, Mendoza, and Patagonia. Ornitologia Neotropical 18: 587–602.

Bulgarella, M., M.D. Sorenson, J.L. Peters, R.E. Wilson, and K.G. McCracken. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships of Amazonetta, Speculanas, Lophonetta, and Tachyeres: four morphologically divergent duck genera endemic to South America. Journal of Avian Biology 41: 186-199.

Bulgarella, M., J.L. Peters, C. Kopuchian, T. Valqui, R.E. Wilson, and K.G. McCracken. 2012. Multilocus coalescent analysis of haemoglobin differentiation between low- and high-altitude populations of crested ducks (Lophonetta specularioides). Molecular Ecology 21: 350–368.

Fjeldså, J., and N. Krabbe. 1990. Birds of the High Andes: A Manual to the Birds of the Temperate Zone of the Andes and Patagonia, South America. Zoological Museum, University Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Johnsgard, P.A. 1965. Handbook of Waterfowl Behavior. 1965. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. NY.

Johnsgard, P.A. 1978. Ducks, Geese, and Swans of the World. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.

Johnson, K.P., and M.D. Sorenson. 1998. Comparing molecular evolution in two mitochondrial protein-coding genes (cytochrome b and ND2) in the dabbling ducks (tribe Anatini). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 10: 82–94.

Johnson, K.P., and M.D. Sorenson. 1999. Phylogeny and biogeography of dabbling ducks (genus: Anas): a comparison of molecular and morphological evidence. Auk 116: 792–805.

Navas, J.R., and N.A. Bo. 1998. The geographical distribution of the subspecies of Lophonetta specularioides and Merganetta armatta (Anatidae) in the provinces of Mendoza and San Juan, Argentina. Hornero 15: 57–59.

Phillips, J.C. 1922–1926. A Natural History of Ducks. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.

Stevens, A.N.P., H.G. Young, and F. McKinney. 2005. Behavioural evidence of the systematic relationships of the Patagonian Crested Duck Lophonetta specularioides specularioides. Wildfowl 55: 119–134.

Weller, M.W. 1972. Ecological studies of Falkland Islands' waterfowl. Wildfowl 25–44.

Wetlands International (2006). Waterbird Population Estimates, 4th Edition.
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Woods, R.W. 1975. The Birds of the Falkland Islands. Anthony Nelson, Oswestry, Shropshire, UK.

Woods, R.W. 1988. Guide to birds of the Falkland Islands. Anthony Nelson, Oswestry, Shropshire, UK.

Young, G. 2005. Crested Duck Lophonetta specularioides. In: Ducks, Geese and Swans (ed. Kear J), vol. 2, pp. 484–486. Oxford University Press, New York.

Recommended Citation

Bulgarella, M. (2014). Crested Duck (Lophonetta specularioides), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.