Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Picidae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors: Connor Rosenblatt


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Crimson-crested Woodpecker
eBird range map for Crimson-crested Woodpecker

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Crimson-crested Woodpecker is resident from eastern Panama to northern and central South America. West of the Andes the range extends south to southwestern Colombia (but not extending to southwestern Cauca or to Nariño). East of the Andes, Distribution in Peru of Crimson-crested Woodpecker. Solid circles: specimen records; open circles; sight records; dotted line: 1000 m contour (Schulenberg et al. 2006)the range is from eastern Colombia south of northwestern and northeastern Argentina, and east to Venezuela, the Guianas, and throughout most of Brazil except for the Atlantic forest region.

Crimson-crested Woodpecker occurs in the lowlands, up to 900 m in Panama (Wetmore 1968); to 3100 m in Colombia (but usually below 2000 m; Hilty and Brown 1986); to 2000 m (but mostly below 1500 m) in northern Venezuela, to 950 m in southern Venezuela (Hilty 2003); mostly below 900 m in Ecuador (but locally up to 1350 m; Ridgely and Greenfield 2001b); up to 1400 m in Peru (Walker et al. 2006, Schulenberg et al. 2010); and up to 1000 m in Bolivia (Hennessey et al. 2003).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Crimson-crested Woodpecker occurs in a wide range of habitats. Favoring continuous, humid lowland forest, this woodpecker occurs in terra firme forest, river edge forest, forest edge, and tall second growth (Hilty and Brown 1986, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a, Schulenberg et al. 2010).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

No information available.

Recommended Citation

Rosenblatt, C. (2012). Crimson-crested Woodpecker (Campephilus melanoleucos), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.