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Cozumel Emerald Chlorostilbon forficatus

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Marîa del Coro Arizmendi, Claudia I. Rodríguez-Flores, Carlos A. Soberanes-González, and Thomas S. Schulenberg


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Cozumel Emerald
eBird range map for Cozumel Emerald

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Cozumel Emerald is resident on Cozumel Island, off the coast of the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. Its distribution is almost entirely restricted to Cozumel, although there is at least one specimen from Isla Mujeres (Howell 1993, Howell and Webb 1995; see also Salvin and Hartert 1892, Paynter 1955); Howell and Webb (1995) suggest that Cozumel Emerald may be only a rare visitor to Isla Mujeres.

Friedmann et al. (1950) also included Isla Holbox in the range of Cozumel Emerald, but the species on Holbox is Canivet's Emerald (Chlorostilbon canivetii), not Cozumel Emerald (Paynter 1955).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


The habitat of Cozumel Emerald is described as "scrub and low deciduous insular forest" (Paynter 1955) and as "brushy woodland and scrub, second growth, etc." (Howell and Webb 1995).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Arizmendi, M. d. C., C. I. Rodríguez-Flores, C. A. Soberanes-González, and T. S. Schulenberg (2013). Cozumel Emerald (Chlorostilbon forficatus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.