Collared Crescentchest is resident in the cerrado region of central Brazil (southern Parí and central Piauí south through Goiás and western Bahia to western Minas Gerais, northern São Paulo, and Mato Grosso do Sul), eastern Bolivia (Santa Cruz), and extreme northeastern Paraguay (Ridgely and Tudor 1994).
Collared Crescentchest occurs from the lowlands up to 1400 m (Parker et al. 1996).
Distribution outside the Americas
Endemic to the Americas.
Favors stony, sparsely grassed cerrado with scattered low bushes and gnarled trees, particularly Austroplenckia populnea (Celastraceae) and Kilemeyera coriacea (Cluisiaceae), in hot, dry regions with ample termite nests. Preferentially occupies campo cerrado, and avoids closed habitats (e.g. cerradão) as well as disturbed habitats (Kanegae et al. 2012). Also uses thickets at the edge of grassy areas (Sick 1993, Krabbe and Schulenberg 2003).
Favored cerrado habitat has been in decline for several decades, resulting in overall decline in this species.
Drucker, J. (2013). Collared Crescentchest (Melanopareia torquata), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.colcre1.01