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Coppery-headed Emerald Elvira cupreiceps

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg and Carolyn W. Sedgwick


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Coppery-headed Emerald
eBird range map for Coppery-headed Emerald

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Coppery-headed Emerald is endemic to Costa Rica, where it occurs in montane areas in northern and central Costa Rica; "most of the localities lie cool and very humid portions of the subtropical belt" (Slud 1964). It occurs on the Caribbean slope from the Cordillera de Guanacaste south through the Corillera de Tilarán and the Cordillera Central to the north side of the Reventazón Valley; it also reaches the Pacific slope in northern Costa Rica (Feinsinger 1977, Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Coppery-headed Emerald breeds from 700-1500 m, but after breeding it descends to as low as 300 m (Stiles and Skutch 1989). On the Pacific slope it occurs above ca 1200 m (Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Coppery-headed Emerald occurs in and near humid montane forest. Males frequently ascend to the forest canopy, females (but not males) often are in forest understory, and both sexes occur "at all levels" at forest edges, at gaps in the forest, and in other semiopen sites (Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S. and C. W. Sedgwick (2013). Coppery-headed Emerald (Elvira cupreiceps), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.