The globally threatened Cinereous Warbling-Finch has pale plumbeous upperparts, slightly darker lores, with dusky wings and tail, a white throat and underparts, and a blackish bill. It is most similar to the White-banded Tanager (Neothraupis fasciata), which is significantly, larger and has a much more obvious black mask. The Cinereous Warbling-Finch is endemic to Brazil and its range appears to have declined significantly over recent decades, to the extent that there are modern-day records only from the states of Minas Gerais (its core range), Goiás, and the Distrito Federal. The combined effects of grazing, invasive grasses, annual burning, and conversion to agriculture, which have adversely affected many other Cerrado endemics, have presumably been factors in this species’ decline. Its natural history is poorly known, and even this warbling-finch’s habitat requirements have been subject to recent refinement: it is now considered to prefer degraded areas, especially burnt areas of campo rupestre, orchards, old pastures, and abandoned mines, mostly at 600–1400 m. There is speculation that the Cinereous Warbling-Finch might be semi-nomadic in response to fire succession.