Although Cinereous Conebill is not considered to be of conservation concern (see Conservation Status), its global population size has not been quantified, and sufficient data to establish accurate species and population trends are not available. Little is known of the breeding biology of the species or the effects of human activity on populations and habitat. Furthermore, it is unknown how high elevation populations of species such as Cinereous Conebill will respond to temperature increases occurring due to climate change. Species or populations restricted to high elevation by physiological limitations related to temperature may experience contractions due to a reduced geographic range in which they can track optimal thermal zones. Cinereous Conebill provides a unique opportunity to study physiological tolerances across a broad range of elevations (and therefore temperatures) because it has both elevational generalist and elevational specialist subspecies. There is some evidence that individuals or populations of subspecies littorale are subject to seasonal elevational movements, but this requires further confirmation. Further comparative physiological and evolutionary studies of this widespread species would shed light on the potential impact of climate change on Andean birds.