Cinereous Conebill is a widespread species of Conirostrum found from southernmost Colombia south to northern Chile and central Bolivia. Two of the three putative subspecies of Cinerous Conebill are restricted to high elevations, whereas the third ranges from sea level to over 4500 m elevation, an unusually large elevational range for a songbird. Interestingly, there are two ecological zones it inhabits. The Andean population is found in more humid areas with shrubby habitats or open woodlands, up to treeline. Coastal birds are found in virtually any habitat that has some woody vegetation in the arid zone, including lomas formations, riparian thickets, gardens, and hedge rows. Coastal birds are buffier below than Andean birds, and the isolated population in Ecuador and Colombia is larger and browner than the southern birds. All populations of Cinereous Conebill have a pointed, cone-shaped bill, a distinct and bold pale supercilium, and a pale panel on the bases of the primaries that forms a white speculum.