The Chestnut Wood-Quail is restricted to the central and western Andes of Colombia, where it is uncommon on the floor of cloud forests. This is a very rufescent species of wood-quail, with a chestnut to rufous head and underparts and brown upperparts with small white speckles. The female is similar to the male, but with the lower breast and belly dull gray. The juvenile has buff-tipped scapulars and an orange-red bill tip. Like other members of the genus Odontophorus, the Chestnut Wood-Quail forages on seeds, berries, roots, and possibly insects by scratching in leaf litter.