Choco Tinamou is found in dense tropical forest at 300–1500 m in extreme southeastern Panama and northwestern Colombia, a region that still is visited only infrequently by ornithologists. As a result, this relatively small, black headed tinamou remains very poorly known, and virtually nothing has been published concerning its natural history. Some authors have suggested that this species is best classified as an isolated subspecies of Slaty-breasted Tinamou (Crypturellus boucardi). Compared to Choco Tinamou, Little Tinamou (Crypturellus soui) is smaller and has grayish legs, while Berlepsch’s Tinamou (Crypturellus berlepschi) is larger and blackish. The voice of Choco Tinamou is described as a low-pitched, faint, mournful, three-note whistle. BirdLife International currently considers this tinamou to be globally threatened based on its small range and presumably declining population.