Four subspecies of the locally common Caribbean Dove are recognized, and these variously inhabit the Yucatán Peninsula and several adjacent offshore islands belonging to Mexico, Belize and Honduras; the Caymans; Jamaica; and the Colombian-owned island of San Andrés which lies off the Nicaraguan coast. This dove has the back and wings largely olive-brown, with a gray crown and is principally pale below, but the neck sides and nape possess a green, purple or rosy sheen. The Caribbean Dove is a typical member of the genus Leptotila, being primarily found on the ground, usually in semiarid habitats, foraging alone or in loose pairs, and searching for fruits and apparently also small snails. On Jamaica, the Caribbean Dove is also found in montane forest regions. The nest is placed above the ground, in a tree or shrub, and two eggs are laid.