Carunculated Caracara Phalcoboenus carunculatus



BirdLife International. 2012. Phalcoboenus carunculatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T22696238A40306096. Downloaded on 11 November 2016.

BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Phalcoboenus carunculatus. Downloaded from on 11/11/2016.

Bierregaard, R. (1995) “The biology and status of central and south American falconiformes: a survey of current knowledge.” Bird Conservation International 5:323-340

Bouglouan N. (2016) Species account: “Carunculated caracara, Phalcoboenus carunculatus” Downloaded from: on 11/11/16

Fuschs, J. et al. “Molecular systematics of the caracaras and allies (Falconidae: Polyborinae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data.” IBIS. 154. 3:520-532

Global Raptor Information Network. 2016. Species account: Carunculated Caracara Phalcoboenus carunculatus. Downloaded from on 11 Nov. 2016

Poulson, B.O. 1993. A contact zone between Mountain and Carunculated
Caracaras in Ecuador. Wilson Bulletin 105:688-691.

Ridgeley, R. and Greenfield, P.“The Birds of Ecuador: Field Guide. Volume II” Ithaca: Cornell University Press (Comstock), 2001.

Recommended Citation

Carunculated Caracara (Phalcoboenus carunculatus), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: