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Carunculated Caracara Phalcoboenus carunculatus



  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Carunculated Caracara
eBird range map for Carunculated Caracara

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Distributed from southern Colombia to Southern Ecuador up to el Oro and northern Loja province. Distribution area is about 45,000 km2 (Birdlife International, 2016).

Distribution outside the Americas

Not found


Montane areas in open grasslands, bushy pastures and Paramo, often around cattle. Soars singly or in pairs, terrestrial feeding habits. Nests in rock cliffs. Found principally between 3000 and 4500 meters above sea level eventhough it has been previously registered in lower areas of the interandean valleys (Ridgely, 2001). Often in cultivated fields and farms of the highlands.

Historical changes

Distribution change, principally due to environmental change and habitat loss mostly due to anthropogenic causes.

Fossil history

The subfamily Polyborinae started to difersify in the Miocene, around 14 Million years ago. The generalist behaviour typical of the Phalcoboenus genera appeard in the Falconidae between 14 to 6.6 Ma. Speciation events happened during the Pleistocene giving rise to the different species under the genus Phalcoboenus (Fuschs, 2012).

Recommended Citation

Carunculated Caracara (Phalcoboenus carunculatus), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: