Carunculated Caracara Phalcoboenus carunculatus




Walks around in paramos and open grasslands alone or in pairs (usually breeding pair) eventhough larger flocks can form in areas where it is still common, scavenging for food around cattle. During windy days can be seen gliding during long periods of time (Ridgely, 2001).


Birds give territorial calls while throwing back their heads during the mating season (Bouglouan, 2016).

Sexual Behavior

At the beginning of the breeding season the skin face becomes brighter. They nest on cliff ledges where they build a nest structure made with sticks. It can occasionally nest in trees. The female usually lays 2 eggs around September to October. The young fledge in January. Very few information is known from the nesting behaviour of this species (Bouglouan, 2016).

Social and interspecific behavior

Typically solitary. Often in breeding pairs. In areas with high population denisities it can be seen foraging in groups of around 8 individuals but up to 40 scattered individuals (Global Raptor Information Network, 2016).


Immature or fledgling can be succeptible to predation from bigger raptors.

Recommended Citation

Carunculated Caracara (Phalcoboenus carunculatus), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: