The Buff-throated Saltator is the English name for the neotropical bird Saltator maximus. The Buff-throated Saltator has a stout, finch-like bill, and traditionally was classified with the cardinals and grosbeaks, Cardinalidae. Recent research reveals that saltators are embedded within the tanager radiation (Thraupidae). Saltators are generally arboreal birds with subdued color patterns and coloration, but usually have a bold superciliary. The Buff-throated Saltator is one of the more widespread members of the genus, and occurs from southern Mexico south to northern Bolivia and southeastern Brazil.