Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Polytypic: 5 subspecies
  • Authors: Ann McAfee and Kevin J. Burns


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Buff-throated Saltator
eBird range map for Buff-throated Saltator

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

The Buff-throated Saltator occurs more or less continuously from southern Mexico south to northwestern Colombia; the distribution is restricted to the Caribbean slope from Mexico south to Nicaragua, but then extends to the Pacific slope of Costa Rica and Panama. East of the Andes, it occurs from Colombia east through Venezuela to the Guianas and south to eastern Bolivia, Paraguay, and south central Brazil. There also is an isolated population in the Atlantic forest region of eastern Brazil.

Usually found below 1200 m, but may occur up to 1500-1600 m.

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


The Buff-throated Saltator favors the edges of humid lowland forest, and can be found foraging in mid-level foliage (Sick 1993); occurs less often in the canopy inside the forest (Ridgely and Tudor 1989). This species enters forests only a short distance in order to forage and rarely enters to nest (Stiles and Skutch 1989). Stiles and Skutch (1989) add that it frequently visits shady plantations, dense vegetation, brushy pastures and gardens near the edge of forests.

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

No information.

Recommended Citation

McAfee, A. and K. J. Burns (2010). Buff-throated Saltator (Saltator maximus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.butsal1.01