Foraging: According to Ridgely and Gwynne Jr. (1989), the Buff-throated Saltator often feeds high in trees, but only enters forests a short way to forage (Stiles and Skutch 1989).
Locomotion: The Buff-throated Saltator can be seen making short flights to the upper branches of trees or hopping from tree to tree, as well as flying distances in the open (Edwards 1972).
Little information. Skutch (1954) reported that nests "are usually well separated," but that he once encountered two nests that were only 2.4 m from one another. The two females each had separate mates. One female was dominant to the other, frequently chasing the subordinate female from the nest. On the other hand, the dominant female also fed and brooded the nestling of the subordinate bird.
Social and interspecific behavior
The Buff-throated Saltator is often found in pairs., often with groups of Scarlet-rumped Tanagers (Ramphocelus passerinii) or other frugivorous birds (Stiles and Skutch 1989). Also found with the Streaked Saltator (Saltator striatipectus), singly or in pairs (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989). Skutch (1989) makes note that along with pairs of Palm Tanagers (Thraupis palmarum), Bay-headed Tanagers (Tangara gyrola) and flycatchers, pairs of Buff-throated Saltators roost on thorns protruding from large orange trees.