Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus

Sections

References

BirdLife International 2014. Species factsheet: Thraupis episcopus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/03/2014.


Burns, K.J., A.J. Shultz, P.O. Title, N.A. Mason, F.K. Barker, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2014. Phylogenetics and diversification of tangers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 75:41-77.


Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download.


Dunning, J.B. 2008. CRC handbook of avian body masses. Second edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.


Edwards, E.P., & Butler, E. M. 1998. A field guide to the birds of Mexico and adjacent areas. Austin: University of Texas Press


Greeney, H.F., and R.A. Gelis. 2007. Breeding records from the north-east Andean foothills of Ecuador. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 127: 236-241.


Hilty, S. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.


Hilty, S. L. 2011. Family Thraupidae (Tanagers). Pp. 46-329 in: del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. & Christie, D. A. eds. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.


Hilty, S. L., and W. L. Brown. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.


Isler, M. L., and P. R. Isler. 1987. The Tanagers. Natural History, Distribution, and Identification. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.


Jones, J., Ramoni-Perazzi, P., Carruthers, E. H., & Robertson, R. J. 2002. Species composition of bird communities in shade coffee plantations in the Venezuelan Andes. Ornithological Neotropical 13:397-412.


Parker, T. A., III, D. F. Stotz, and J. W. Fitzpatrick. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. Pages 113-436 in D. F. Stotz, J. W. Fitzpatrick, T. A. Parker III, and D. K. Moskovits, Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.


Ridgely, R. S. and Greenfield, P. J. 2001. The Birds of Ecuador, Status, Distribution, and Taxonomy. Comstock Publishing Associates a division of Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.


Robinson, W.D., S.H. Austin, T.R. Robinson, and R.E. Ricklefs. 2014. Incubation temperature does not explain variation in the embryo development periods in a sample of Neotropical passerine birds. Journal of Ornithology 155: 45–51.


Sedano R. E, and K. J. Burns. 2010. Are the Northern Andes a species pump for neotropical birds? Phylogenetics and biogeography of a clade of Neotropical tanagers (Aves: Thraupini). Journal of Biogeography 37: 325-343.


Skutch, A. F. 1954. Life histories of Central American birds: families Fringillidae,
Thraupidae, Icteridae, Parulidae and Coerebidae. Pacific Coast Avifauna number 31.


Skutch, A. F., 1969. A study of the rufous-fronted thronbird and associated birds: II: birds which breed in thornbirds’ nests. The Wilson Bulletin 81, 2:123-129


Snow, B. K., and D. W. Snow. 1971. The feeding ecology of tanagers and honeycreepers in Trinidad. Auk 88:291-322.


Stiles, F. G., and A. F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.


Wetmore. A., R. F. Pasquier, and S. L. Olson. 1984. The birds of the Republic of Panamá. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 150, Part 4. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Recommended Citation

Blue-gray Tanager (Thraupis episcopus), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/bugtan