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Amazonian Motmot Momotus momota

  • Order: Coraciiformes
  • Family: Momotidae
  • Polytypic: 8 subspecies
  • Authors: Sophia Catherine Orzechowski and Thomas S. Schulenberg

Diet and Foraging


"Blue-crowned Motmots" of western South America are omnivorous, primarily consuming arthropods but also taking some fruit (Remsen et al. 1993). These data do not discriminate between Andean Motmot (Momotus aequatorialis) and Amazonian Motmot, but probably refer primarily to the latter. Schubart et al. (1965) report a variety of insects and other arthropods in the stomachs of five specimens, including beetles Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Elateridae, Scarabaeidae (20 mm long); cockroaches Blattaria; bugs Hemiptera; cicadas Homoptera: Cicadidae; ants Hymenoptera: Formicidae; caterpillars: Lepidoptera; and millipedes Diploda: Spirostreptidae (30-40 mm in length). The stomach of one specimen also contained fruit, one two feathers, one contained small mammal remains (possibly from a rodent), and one contained the bones of an unidentified reptile. Haverschmidt (1968) reported "berries," as well as insects (Coleoptera; Orthoptera: Locustidae) and gastropods in the diet. Willard et al. (1991) found "beetle fragments in two stomachs; a cicada in one; and a scorpion, tenebrionid larva, and a frog (Osteocephalus) in a fourth."

Foraging Behavior

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Recommended Citation

Orzechowski, S. C. and T. S. Schulenberg (2011). Amazonian Motmot (Momotus momota), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.