Amazonian Grosbeak Cyanoloxia rothschildii

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Cardinalidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Drew Fitzgibbon and Nicholas L. Block


Bartlett, E. 1890. On a new species of Guiraca. Annals and magazine of natural history series 6, volume 6: 168-169.

BirdLife International. 2018. Species factsheet: Amazonian Grosbeak Cyanoloxia rothschildii. Downloaded from BirdLife International on 26 April 2018.

Bryson, R. W., Jr., J. Chaves, B. T. Smith, M. J. Miller, K. Winker, J. L. Pérez-Emán, and J. Klicka. 2014. Diversification across the New World within the 'blue' cardinalids (Aves: Cardinalidae). Journal of Biogeography 41: 587-599.

Durrant, K. L., J. S. Beadell, F. Ishtiaq, G. R. Graves, S. L. Olson, E. Gering, M. A. Pierce, C. M. Milensky, B. K. Schmidt, C. Gebhard, and R. C. Fleischer. 2006. Avian hematozoa in South America: a comparison of temperate and tropical zones. Pages 98-111 in R. K. Barraclough (editor), Current topics in avian disease research: understanding endemic and invasive diseases. Ornithological Monographs 60.

García, N.C., A.S. Barreira, P.D. Lavinia, and P.L. Tubaro. 2016. Congruence of phenotypic and genetic variation at the subspecific level in a Neotropical passerine. Ibis 158: 844–856.

Haverschmidt, F. 1968. Birds of Surinam. Oliver and Boyd, London.

Herzog, S. K., R. S. Terrill, A. E. Jahn, J. V. Remsen, Jr., O. Maillard Z., V. H. García-Solíz, R. MacLeod, A. Maccormick, and J. Q. Vidoz. 2016. Birds of Bolivia: field guide. Asociación Armonía, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

Hilty, S.L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Hilty, S.L., and W.L. Brown. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Johnson, E. I., and J. D. Wolfe. 2018. Molt in Neotropical birds: life history and aging criteria. Studies in Avian Biology 51.

Klicka, J., K. Burns, and G.M. Spellman. 2007. Defining a monophyletic Cardinalini: a molecular perspective. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 1014–1032.

Lebbin, D.J. 2006. Notes on birds consuming Guadua bamboo seeds. Ornithología Neotropical 17: 609-612.

Meyer de Schauensee, R. 1951. The birds of the Republic of Colombia. Part IV. Caldasia 5: 873-1112.

Meyer de Schauensee, R. 1966. The species of birds of South America and their distribution. Livingston Publishing Company, Narberth, Pennsylvania.

Novaes, F. C., and M. de Fátima Cunha Lima. 1998. Aves da Grande Belém. Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém.

O'Neill, J. P. 1974. The birds of Balta, a Peruvian dry tropical forest locality, with an analysis of their origins and ecological relationships. Ph.D. thesis, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Oniki, Y., and E. O. Willis. 1984. A study of breeding birds of the Belém area, Brazil: VII. Thraupidae to Fringillidae. Ciência e Cultura 36: 69-76.

Paynter, R. A., Jr. 1970b. Subfamily Cardinalinae, cardinal-grosbeaks. Pages 216-245 in R. A. Paynter, Jr., and R. W. Storer (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XIII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Phelps, W. H., and W. H. Phelps, Jr. 1950. Lista de las aves de Venezuela con su distribución. Parte 2. Passeriformes. Boletín de la Sociedad Venezolana de Ciencias Naturales 12: 1-427.

Pinto, O. M. de O. 1953. Sôbre a coleção Carlos Estevao de peles, ninhos e ovos das aves de Belém (Pará). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 11: 111-222.

Ridgely, R. S., and P. J. Greenfield. 2001a. The birds of Ecuador: status, distribution, and taxonomy. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Schubart, O., A. C. Aguirre, and H. Sick. 1965. Contribuição para conhecimento da alimentação das aves brasileiras. Arquivos de Zoologia 12: 95-249.

Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, D. F. Lane, J. P. O’Neill, and T. A. Parker III. 2010. Birds of Peru. Revised and updated edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Editora Nova Fronteira, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Terborgh, J., S. K. Robinson, T. A. Parker III, C. A. Munn, and N. Pierpont. 1990. Structure and organization of an Amazonian forest bird community. Ecological Monographs 60: 213-238.

Thiollay, J.-M. 1994b. Structure, density and rarity in an Amazonian rainforest bird community. Journal of Tropical Ecology 10: 449-481.

Todd, W. E .C. 1923b. A review of the genus Cyanocompsa. Auk 40: 58-69.

Walker, B., D. F. Stotz, T. Pequeño, and J. W. Fitzpatrick. 2006. Birds of the Manu Biosphere Reserve. Pages 23–49 in B. D. Patterson, D. F. Stotz, and S. Solari (editors), Mammals and Birds of the Manu Biosphere Reserve, Peru. Fieldiana: Zoology, new series, number 110.

Weske, J. S. 1972. The distribution of the avifauna in the Apurimac Valley of Peru with respect to environmental gradients, habitat, and related species. Ph.D. thesis, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma.

Willard, D. E., M. S. Foster, G. F. Barrowclough, R. W. Dickerman, P. F. Cannell, S. L. Coats, J. L. Cracraft, and J. P. O'Neill. 1991. The birds of Cerro de la Neblina, Territorio Federal Amazonas, Venezuela. Fieldiana new series number 65.

Recommended Citation

Fitzgibbon, D. and N. L. Block (2018). Amazonian Grosbeak (Cyanoloxia rothschildii), version 2.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.