Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanoloxia cyanoides

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Cardinalidae
  • Polytypic: 3 subspecies
  • Authors: Drew Fitzgibbon and Nicholas L. Block

Sounds and Vocal Behavior


The song of Blue-black Grosbeak is described as "ca. 6 successively lower, clear, mellow whistles, usually ending with a sharp little warble" (Stiles and Skutch 1989) and as "a rich, slightly sad, slurred, descending warble often fading into a soft, squeaky ending" (Howell and Webb 1995). Blue-black Grosbeak sings from concealed sites with dense understory (Hilty 2003). Both sexes sing (Skutch 1954). Blue-black Grosbeak also has a "sweet, prolonged flight song [that] is rarely heard (Stiles and Skutch 1989; see also Skutch 1954).

The most frequent call of Blue-black Grosbeak is described as "a sharp, hard spek or chik" (Stiles and Skutch 1989) or as "a sharp, nasal to slightly squeaky plik or chik, and pli-dik or ch-dik" (Howell and Webb 1995); also gives low, nasal notes (Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Additional audio recordings of Blue-black Grosbeak can be heard at Macaulay Library and at xeno-canto.

Nonvocal Sounds

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Fitzgibbon, D. and N. L. Block (2018). Blue-black Grosbeak (Cyanoloxia cyanoides), version 2.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.