Brown Tinamou is a medium sized forest tinamou of South America. This species has a curiously disjunct distribution, with populations in northern South America, along the fringes of the Amazon in the Amazon in the Andean foothills, in the south central Amazon Basin, and in the Atlantic forest region of eastern South America. Brown Tinamou is terrestrial, walking slowly on the floor of humid evergreen forests, but otherwise its behavior is not well known. As is the case for most species of forest-inhabiting tinamou, Brown Tinamou is reclusive; it is rarely seen, but its loud, ringing "soccerr referee whistle" song often is heard. Brown Tinamou is plain reddish brown on the underparts, with chocolate brown upperparts, and a plain gray head.