Endemic to a small area of central Amazonian Brazil south of the Amazon River, the Brown-chested Barbet (or Cinnamon-breasted Barbet as it is sometimes known) is an uncommon bird that is still known from relatively few localities, although this is doubtless in part due to the fact that much of its small range is relatively inaccessible. It was formerly treated as a subspecies of the Black-spotted Barbet (Capito niger), but the present species’ plumage is a striking mixture of cinnamon, olive, gold and black, which renders it quite unmistakable. The Brown-chested Barbet is almost always seen high in the canopy of lowland terra firme forest, where its trilled song usually offers the first clue to the species’ presence. Insects and arthropods are both recorded in this barbet’s diet, but it is assumed to feed mainly on fruit. The Brown-chested Barbet regularly joins mixed-species flocks, but virtually nothing else is known of its ecology to date.