Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Megan Morris and Kevin J. Burns


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Brassy-breasted Tanager
eBird range map for Brassy-breasted Tanager

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Brassy-breasted Tanager is a common species endemic to the country of Brazil in South America (Parker et al. 1996, Clements 2010). Brassy-breasted Tanagers are restricted to southeastern Brazil, ranging north to Espírito Santo, extending west into Minas Gerais, and south through Paraná to Santa Catarina (Sick 1993, Isler and Isler 1987, Ridgely and Tudor 2009). The Brassy-breasted Tanager does not occur on the coastal plain, but instead is usually is found between 500 m and 2200 m (Ridgely and Tudor 1989, Parker et al. 1996), van Perlo 2009, but mostly resides within an elevational range of 800-1800 m (Isler and Isler 1987, Ridgely and Tudor 2009). BirdLife International (2011) estimates the geographic range of the Brassy-breasted Tanager to be approximately 220,000 km2. Although seasonal migration patterns of Brassy-breasted Tanagers are poorly understood, this species is presumed to be a permanent resident in southeastern Brazil, but possibly a partial migrant to Espírito Santo (Parker et al. 1996, Isler and Isler 1987). The Brassy-breasted Tanager is generally found at higher elevations than the closely related Gilt-edged Tanager (Tangara cyanoventris), for example at Itatiaia National Park (Ridgely and Tudor 1989).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas, not occurring outside Brazil.


Brassy-breasted Tanagers are found at higher elevations in the southeastern Atlantic Forest Region of Brazil (Parker et al. 1996, Isler and Isler 1987, van Perlo 2009). They most commonly inhabit humid, montane evergreen forests (Isler and Isler 1987, Perlo 2009). Within the montane forest, Brassy-breasted Tanagers can be found in the canopy perched on small and medium-sized trees with small leaves, and within shrubs of the Melastomataceae family (Skutch 1989, Isler and Isler 1987). Brassy-breasted Tanagers also occur in secondary woodland (Ridgely and Tudor 1989, Perlo 2009) and in plantations (Isler and Isler 1987).

Historical changes

No information.

Fossil history

No information.

Recommended Citation

Morris, M. and K. J. Burns (2012). Brassy-breasted Tanager (Tangara desmaresti), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.