The Bolivian Recurvebill is endemic to the Andean foothills of western and central Bolivia, where it is an inhabitant of humid forest below 1500 m elevation. This is a large-billed dark rufous-brown foliage-gleaner-like bird, with a buff supercilium and prominent buff streaking over the head, neck and back. The underparts are buffy-rufous, but given a good view (not always easy) the most striking feature is the obviously upturned bill. Formerly listed as Vulnerable, BirdLife International has recently recategorized the Bolivian Recurvebill as Near Threatened, in light of recent survey work, which has revealed it to be decidedly more numerous than heretofore believed. It has recently been suggested that this species and its only congeneric, the Peruvian Recurvebill (Simoxenops ucayalae), might be better removed to the foliage-gleaner genus Syndactyla.