Bogota Sunangel Heliangelus zusii

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg


BirdLife International. 2015. Species factsheet: Bogota Sunangel Heliangelus zusii. Downloaded from BirdLife International on 4 December 2015.

Graves, G.R. 1990. Systematics of the "green-throated sunangels" (Aves: Trochilidae): valid taxa or hybrids? Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 103: 6-25.

Graves, G.R. 1993. Relic of a lost world: a new species of sunangel (Trochilidae: Heliangelus) from "Bogotá". Auk 110: 1-8.

Hinkelmann, C., B. Nicolai, and R.W. Dickerman. 1991. Notes on a hitherto unknown specimen of Neolesbia nehrkorni (Berlepsch, 1887; Trochilidae) with a discussion of the hybrid origin of this 'species'. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 111: 190-199.

Kirchman, J.J., C.C. Witt, J.A. McGuire, and G.R. Graves. 2010. DNA from a 100-year-old holotype confirms the validity of a potentially extinct hummingbird species. Biology Letters 6: 112‐115.

McGuire, J.A., C.C. Witt, J.V. Remsen, Jr., A. Corl, D.L. Rabosky, D.L. Altshuler, and R. Dudley. 2014. Molecular phylogenetics and the diversification of hummingbirds. Current Biology 24: 910-916.

McMullan, M., and T.M. Donegan. 2014. Field guide to the birds of Colombia. Second edition. ProAves, Bogotá, Colombia.

Meyer de Schauensee, R. 1947. New or little-known Colombian birds. Proceedings of the Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 99: 107-126.

Remsen, J.V., Jr., F.G. Stiles, and P.E. Scott. 1986. Frequency of arthropods in stomachs of tropical hummingbirds. Auk 103: 436-441.

Schuchmann, K.-L. 1999. Family Trochilidae, hummingbirds. Pages 468-680 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 5. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S. (2015). Bogota Sunangel (Heliangelus zusii), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.