The Brown-crested Flycatcher occupies a variety of woodland and scrub habitats throughout its broad distribution; this species breeds as far north as southern Utah in the United States, and south to northeastern Argentina. The Brown-crested Flycatcher is a large member of the genus Myiarchus with conspicuous rufous on the tail, two broad white wing bars, grayish-brown upperparts, a pale gray throat and breast and yellow lower underparts. During the breeding season these flycatchers maintain a diet exclusively of insects and other arthropods. Brown-crested Flycatchers are more omnivorous during the nonbreeding season when they will eat fruits as well as arthropods. Brown-crested Flycatchers are migratory at both the northern and southern reaches of their range. Birds in the United States and northern Mexico migrate south, and winter from central Mexico south to El Salvador. The migratory patterns of the southernmost populations of Brown-crested Flycatcher are not well documented, but they probably winter in the southwestern Amazon Basin.