Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus

  • Order: Trogoniformes
  • Family: Trogonidae
  • Polytypic: 6 subspecies
  • Authors: Cassie Stelow


Geographic Variation

Six subspecies are recognized:

tenellus Cabanis 1862; type locality Costa Rica

Occurs from Honduras south to northwestern Colombia

cupreicauda (Chapman 1914); type locality Bagado, Chocó, Colombia

Occurs in western Colombia and western Ecuador

rufus Gmelin 1788; type locality Cayenne

Occurs in northeastern South America, from eastern Venezuela, the Guianas, and northeastern Brazil

sulphureus Spix 1824; type locality Tabatinga, Rio Solimoes, Brazil

Occurs in the western Amazon Basin

amazonicus Todd 1943; type locality Villa Braga, Rio Tapajóz, Brazil

Occurs in the eastern Amazon Basin

chrysochloros Pelzeln; type locality Ypanema, São Paulo

Occurs in south central Brazil and eastern Brazil Paraguay, and northeastern Argentina

Related Species

The phylogenetic relationships of trogons were investigated by Espinosa de los Monteros (1998), based on DNA sequence data for two mitochondrial genes (cytochrome b and 12S ribosomal RNA), and by Moyle (2005), using DNA sequence data from both nuclear ((RAG-1) and mitochondrial (ND2) genes. Both Espinosa de los Monteros (1998) and Moyle (2005) recovered a clade of trogons that includes Black-throated Trogon (Trogon rufus), Elegant Trogon (Trogon elegans), Mountain Trogon (Trogon mexicanus), Collared Trogon (Trogon collaris), and Masked Trogon (Trogon personatus). Espinosa de los Monteros (1998) identified elegans and rufus as sister taxa. Moyle (2005), on the other hand, identified rufus as basal to all other members of this clade, and elegans as basal to all but rufus.

Recommended Citation

Stelow, C. (2011). Black-throated Trogon (Trogon rufus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.