Colinus nigrogularis is not threatened globally (Least Concern category). According to Mexican regulations, the populations are not threatened and apparently are stable. Black-throated Bobwhite has been used since pre-Columbian times. It is believed that the agricultural system of Mayas favored this species, increasing their population size and distribution. Many aspects of their life history, and use programs for these species are unknown. Studies are needed on their ecology, reproductive biology and food, and encourage studies aimed at conservation.