The Black-spotted Barbet was formerly considered conspecific with the Gilded Barbet (Capito auratus), with the unified species being the most widely distributed of the Neotropical barbets. Under modern taxonomy, this species is confined to a relatively small portion of northern Amazonia, from eastern Venezuela, through the Guianas to northeast Brazil. In the field, it is separated from members of the Gilded Barbet complex of taxa by the male’s combination of white wingbar, solid red forehead and throat, streaked crown, and relatively pale underparts. Females share the red throat and forehead, but are heavily streaked with black below, as well as over the cheeks and back. It inhabits a wide variety of forest types, except seasonally flooded areas, but is mainly found in the canopy. The Black-spotted Barbet feeds on fruit and insects, and small groups may gather at fruiting trees.