The first priority is to broaden survey efforts so the breeding distributions of all subspecies of Black Swift are more clearly defined and to monitor known breeding sites to determine any declines. Secondly, migration paths and wintering areas for all subspecies need to be identified. In this way, threats to habitat can be identified and efforts to mitigate degradation of habitat can be made. With the advent of genetic technology, study of DNA from birds throughout the Black Swift range will help clarify subspecies boundaries, gene flow among colonies, estimate population size, migratory connectivity, phylogeography, and shed light on dispersal. Additionally efforts to elucidate foraging behavior, prey items, nesting behavior, and wintering ground habitat requirements will be imperative for conservation of the species.