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Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Polytypic: 6 subspecies
  • Authors: Anant Deshwal, Pooja Panwar, and Ragupathy Kannan


Breeding is reported from Mexico from May and June (Sutton et al. 1950, Binford 1989a; from April to July in Costa Rica (Stiles and Skutch 1989); and in March and April in Panama (Stone 1918).

The nest is described as "a rather small open cup" (Stone 1918) or, somewhat differently, as "bulky, sprawling, thin-walled, rather deeply cupped structures" (Sutton et al. 1950) or as "a very bulky, shallow cup" (Stiles and Skutch 1989), and is composed of weed stalks and tendrils (Stone 1918) or of grass blades and stems, strips of banana leaves, and similar vegetative material, on a loose foundation of twigs or vines, and is lined with finer grass or vines (Stiles and Skutch 1989). Nests are placed 1-3 m above the ground, in a thicket (Sutton 1918, Sutton et al. 1950, Stiles and Skutch 1989).

The clutch is two; the eggs are blue or bluish green, with black marks at the larger end (Stone 1918, Stiles and Skutch 1989). The dimensions of the eggs of two clutches were 2.87 x 1.92 cm and 2.82 x 1.99 cm; and 2.70 x 1.92 cm and 2.69 x 1.89 cm (Stone 1918).

There is no information on the length of incubation or the timing to fledging, or on parental care.

Recommended Citation

Deshwal, A., P. Panwar, and R. Kannan (2019). Black-headed Saltator (Saltator atriceps), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.