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Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa

  • Order: Columbiformes
  • Family: Columbidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Muhammad Kala


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Blue Ground-Dove
eBird range map for Blue Ground-Dove

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

The Blue Ground-dove occupies a large portion of the Neotropics. The species occurs from southeastern Mexico south, on the Atlantic slope, to eastern Panama; and, on the Pacific slope, from extreme southern Mexico south to eastern Panama. It occurs along the Pacific slope of northwestern South America from Colombia south to northwestern Peru. The distribution extends east across northern Colombia to the Guianas, and south, east of the Andes, to eastern Brazil and to northwestern and northeastern Argentina. Distribution in Peru of Claravis pretiosa. Solid circles: specimen records; open circles; sight records; dotted line: 1000 m contour (Schulenberg et al. 2006)

The Blue Ground-Dove is resident in most of its range, but engages in seasonal movements in some regions. It is absent from some sites in Yucatan, Mexico, from March-May, but is common in this region June-August (Howell and Webb 1995). Similarly, present in El Salvador only during January-June (Dickey and van Rossem 1938, Thurber et al. 1987).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


The Blue Ground-Dove occurs at forest edge (primarily of humid and semideciduous forest), in clearings, in second-growth, and in river-edge forest; does not occur far from wooded cover.

The Blue Ground-Dove is a lowland species, found from sea level up to 1000 m in Mexico (Howell and Webb 1995), to 1200 m in Costa Rica (Stiles and Skutch 1989), to 1000 m (rarely to 1800 m) in Colombia (Hilty and Brown 1986), and to 1300 m in Peru (Schulenberg et al. 2007).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Kala, M. (2011). Blue Ground-Dove (Claravis pretiosa), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.