Black-girdled Barbet is resident in central South America, along the southern fringes of Amazonia. The distribution extends from the upper Rio Madeira east to the Rio Tocantins (Pinto 1938, 1978) and south to northeastern Bolivia (Bates et al. 1989, Kratter et al. 1992) and northern Mato Grosso (Novaes and Lima 1991, Zimmer et al. 1997). The statement by Sick (1993) that Black-girdled Barbet occurs west to the Rio Javari appears to be in error.