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Black-faced Solitaire Myadestes melanops

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Turdidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Joshua D. Simpson


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Black-faced Solitaire
eBird range map for Black-faced Solitaire

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

The Black-faced Solitaire is restricted to the mountains of Costa Rica and western Panama (Bird and Butchart 2009). The breeding elevational distribution is from 950-2750 m in Costa Rica (Stiles and Skutch 1989), and 750 m and higher in Panama (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989). In Panama, most numerous in western Chiriquí (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989. Population size has not yet been quantified in these regions.

Many individuals move downslope following breeding. In Costa Rica, Black-faced Solitaires regularly descend to 450 m, and occasionally to as low as 100 m, at least on the Caribbean slope (Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


The Black-faced Solitaire is found in humid montane forests, especially where there is bamboo and a dense understory. Persists in disturbed habitats, such as pastures and other cultivated areas, if sufficient remnant woody vegetation is present, such as "wooded, brush-choked ravines" (Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Simpson, J. D. (2011). Black-faced Solitaire (Myadestes melanops), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.