The Black-faced Cotinga occurs only in a small region of southeastern Peru and adjacent Bolivia and Brazil. It generally occurs in the canopy of river-edge and floodplain forest, perhaps particularly in areas where forest is interspersed with patches of bamboo. Its querulous, rising call is generally the first indication of its presence, and it easily can be overlooked when not vocalizing; indeed, this species was not known to ornithologists at all until 1964. It feeds on fruit and insects, and evidently positions its small nest of plant fibers relatively high in a tree. Both sexes are gray overall, palest on the belly and darkest on the wings, with contrasting blackish heads.