Distribution in the Americas
Black-crowned Antpitta is an uncommon resident on the Caribbean slope of Costa Rica, western and central Panama, both the Caribbean and Pacific slopes in eastern Panama, and the Pacific slope in northern Colombia. It is mostly found between 300 and 1000 meters elevation in Costa Rica but in Panama, also occurs in the lowlands (Hilty and Brown 1986, Angehr et al. 2004, Garrigues and Dean 2007).
Black-crowned Antpitta occupies the understory of wet, primary forest and tall second growth, mostly in the foothill zone or hilly areas (Stiles and Skutch 1989).
Although there is scant information about this secretive species, they may have historically been more widespread at lower elevations as there are records from such lowland sites as the OTS station at La Selva, Costa Rica, the Achiote Road in Panama, and along the Pipeline Road north of Gamboa in Panama.(Karr 1971). There are no recent records of this species from these sites. Deforestation has also likely reduced the range of this species.