The Black-bodied Woodpecker is currently considered to be Near Threatened due to large-scale agricultural expansion across much of the species’ range. It is restricted to the xeric woodland of the central and southern Chaco and subtropical forest in the Andean foothills to 1500 m of southern Bolivia, western Paraguay, and northern Argentina. The species appears to have always been rare, but has declined over much of its former range in Argentina. The bird’s plumage is typical of the genus Dryocopus; the large crest is red, as is the malar region, while the rest of the plumage is black, apart from the broad white neck stripe, and some individuals have a white line over the scapulars. The Black-bodied Woodpecker is usually observed singly, or in pairs.