Black-bellied Hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg and Carolyn W. Sedgwick


Geographic Variation

Eupherusa nigriventris is monotypic.

Related Species

Described as Eupherusa nigriventris Lawrence 1867; type locality Costa Rica

Phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data reveals that hummingbirds (Trochilidae) constitute nine major clades, comprising the hermits, mangos, Patagona, topazes, coquettes, brilliants, mountain-gems, bees, and emeralds (McGuire et al. 2007, 2009). Eupherusa is a member of the emerald clade; other genera in this radiation include Chlorostilbon, Klais, Orthorhynchus, Campylopterus, Chalybura, Thalurania, Elvira, Microchera, Aphantochroa, Taphrospilus, Amazilia, Chrysuronia, Hylocharis, Lepidopyga, and Damophila (McGuire et al. 2007, 2009, 2014).

The genus Eupherusa is monotypic; the sister species to Eupherusa nigriventris is Eupherusa eximia (Stripe-tailed Hummingbird) (McGuire et al. 2014). Eupherusa is sister to Thalurania ridgwayi (Mexican Woodnymph) (McGuire et al. 2014); note that, according to this phylogeny, the traditional Thalurania is not monophyletic.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S. and C. W. Sedgwick (2014). Black-bellied Hummingbird (Eupherusa nigriventris), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.