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Black-bellied Hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg and Carolyn W. Sedgwick


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Black-bellied Hummingbird
eBird range map for Black-bellied Hummingbird

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Black-bellied Hummingbird is restricted to the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama, primarily on the Caribbean slope (Blake 1958, Wetmore 1968, Ridgely and Gwynne 1989, Stiles and Skutch 1989). It occurs east to western Veraguas (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989). This species generally is resident, although at least at some sites the abundance of Black-bellied Hummingbird varies throughout the year, although the timing of population declines can vary from year to year (Stiles 1985).

The elevational range of Black-bellied Hummingbird in Costa Rica is 900-2000 m when breeding, but after breeding some of the population descends to ca 600 m (Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Black-bellied Hummingbird occurs in humid montane forest and forest edge (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989, Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S. and C. W. Sedgwick (2014). Black-bellied Hummingbird (Eupherusa nigriventris), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.