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Black-bellied Gnateater Conopophaga melanogaster

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Conopophagidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Harold F. Greeney

Sounds and Vocal Behavior


The song of Black-bellied Gnateater lasts about 2.5 seconds and consists of an evenly paced (0.6 s intervals) series of up to 5 short, dry, rattles, each lasting less than a second. It is produced at a frequency of 2-2.5 kHz and recalls the alarm calls of Pittasoma antpittas (Whitney 2003).

For a representative audio recording with sonogram, see audio

Call notes are abrupt, low grunts, barks, or short rattles (e.g., "“chidt-chit-it-it!") (Whitney 2003, van Perlo 2009).

For a representative audio recording with sonogram, see audio

Additional audio recordings of vocalizations of Black-bellied Gnateater can be heard at Macaulay Library, at xeno-canto, and at Internet Bird Collection.

Nonvocal Sounds

Whitney (2003) describes males, in courtship or aggressive displays, making a loud whirring sound with their outer primaries while flying low and rapidly. This behavior has not been studied in detail, however, and requires proper documentation.

Recommended Citation

Greeney, H. F. (2013). Black-bellied Gnateater (Conopophaga melanogaster), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.