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Black-bellied Gnateater Conopophaga melanogaster

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Conopophagidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Harold F. Greeney


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Black-bellied Gnateater
eBird range map for Black-bellied Gnateater

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Black-bellied Gnateater is almost entirely endemic to Brazil, with only a single record from adjacent Bolivia (Allen 1889) without subsequent confirmation of its presence there. In Brazil it is found at elevations up to 700 m south of the Rio Amazonas from the eastern bank of the Rio Madeira east to both banks of the lower Rio Tapajós and south to northern Rondônia and northern Mato Grosso. Disjunctively, with no known records in the intervening area, it occurs in from the eastern bank of Rio Xingú eastward to the western bank of the lower Rio Tocantins (Ridgely and Tudor 1994, 2009, Whitney 2003).

Distribution outside the Americas

Confined to the Americas.


Black-bellied Gnateater inhabits areas of thick, tangled vegetation in terra firme forest in the central Amazon, apparently often near streams (Ridgely and Tudor 1994, 2009, Whitney 2003, Pacheco et al. 2007). It favors vine tangles, and monotypic stands of second-growth vegetation such as understory palms and bamboo (Whitney 2003). In areas of anthropogenic disturbance it can be found along road edges, but seems not to venture into areas that have lost most or all of their canopy sized trees.

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Greeney, H. F. (2013). Black-bellied Gnateater (Conopophaga melanogaster), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.