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Black-bellied Gnateater Conopophaga melanogaster

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Conopophagidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Harold F. Greeney



Published data on the details of Black-bellied Gnateater behavior are almost non-existent. Like other species of Conopophaga, it forages low to the ground, and scans surrounding foliage and leaf litter for prey (Whitney 2003).


There are no published data on territorial defense, maintenance, or fidelity. Whitney (2003) suggested that, given the Black-bellied Gnateaters predilection for small patches of dense understory in otherwise open understoried forests, may limit its territory size to one ha or less, but no firm data have been published on territory size.

Sexual Behavior

Not described, probably monogamous.

Although the bright white postocular tufts of the male can be flared out dramatically, and Whitney (2003) describes mechanical wing sounds made by males in "aggression or courtship," there appear to be no detailed accounts of such behavior.

Social and interspecific behavior

Black-bellied Gnateaters usually are solitary, or in pairs.


No information.

Recommended Citation

Greeney, H. F. (2013). Black-bellied Gnateater (Conopophaga melanogaster), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.