Black-banded Crake Anurolimnas fasciatus

  • Order: Gruiformes
  • Family: Rallidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg and Guy M. Kirwan


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Black-banded Crake
eBird range map for Black-banded Crake

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Resident in western Amazonia. Occurs from southeastern Colombia south to south central Peru and east, primarily south of the Amazon?, to central Brazil. Distribution in Peru of the Black-banded Crake. Solid circles: specimen records; open circles; sight records; dotted line: 1000 m contour (Schulenberg et al. 2006)

Restricted to the lowlands. Occurs below 500 m in Colombia (Hilty and Brown 1986), and primarily below 600 m in Ecuador, although there locally up to 1100 m (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Occurs in damp second growth with a dense understory, at forest edge and in similar situations. Often along edges of forest bordering gardens, and under thickets of Heliconia, Costus and Piper on medium aged and old river islands, often under  stands of Cecropia. This habitat is regularly flooded on a seasonal basis, during which times birds seem to disappear, while still present in second growth on adjacent mainland (T. A. Parker, unpublished).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S. and G. M. Kirwan (2011). Black-banded Crake (Anurolimnas fasciatus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.