Black Solitaire Entomodestes coracinus

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Turdidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Paul van Els


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Black Solitaire
eBird range map for Black Solitaire

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

The Black Solitaire is confined to the Chocó endemic region of southwestern Colombia and northwestern Ecuador (Cracraft 1985). The distribution seems spotty within this region, but the Black Solitaire is found in Pichincha province of Ecuador (Mindo, Maquipucuna, Chiriboga, Milpe, El Angel areas; Rigely and Greenfield 2001, Birdlife International 2011), and at several localities in Nariño department (La Planada, El Pangán, Río Ñambí), Cauca department (Tambito, Donegan and Dávalos 1999), and Chocó department (El Tatamá) in Colombia (Birdlife International 2011).

Seasonal movements are probable, with birds moving downslope late in the year (Hilty 1979). In parts of range where dry season desiccates mosses (upper Anchicayá Valley, Valle, Colombia), birds move altitudinally in May-June and October-November (Clement 2000).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Mossy, wet forests of the tropical and lower subtropical zones between 400 m and 1900 m, but mostly between 600 m and 1600 m, often occurring at edges and in clearings, occasionally enters second-growth forests. From understory to subcanopy. Seems to be absent from areas without extensive moss cover. Vegetation found in the breeding habitat includes aroids (Monstera sp., Anthurium sp.), melastomes (Conostegia sp.), tree ferns (Cyathea sp.), and bromeliads (Guzmania sp., Beltrán 1992) and fruiting trees for foraging including Miconia sp. and Henriettella sp. (Hilty 1977).

Historical changes

No information.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

van Els, P. (2012). Black Solitaire (Entomodestes coracinus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.